There are various names for a French drain, including filter drain, trench drain, and rubble drain. This kind of drainage system is made out of a trench filled with rocks or gravel (or occasionally both). The next step is to install a weeping tile, which is a perforated pipe, in the system. To keep water from entering a home and harming the foundation, a French drainage system is typically placed on the exterior.
On the other hand, you can install a weeping tile system on both the inside and outside of your house. These perimeter drain systems are installed by qualified contractors to divert water away from particular parts of your home. Excessive moisture and water buildup can be easily prevented by installing a French drain around a foundation. It efficiently controls and manages excess groundwater, preventing it from harming buildings or causing wet and flooded land.
Parts of A Typical French Drain
The parts of a typical French drain around a foundation are as follows:
- Excavation of a trench around your house’s exterior is the first step in installing a French drain. The trench may occasionally be situated close to the foundation of a house. It is often dug to a specified depth and width according to the requirements and local climate conditions.
- Perforated Pipe: At the bottom of the trench is a perforated pipe. PVC or flexible plastic is frequently used to make it. Small slots or holes run the length of this pipe, allowing water to enter.
- Gravel Bed: Following the installation of the perforated pipe in the trench, a layer of gravel is placed on top of it, this layer of gravel acts as a conduit, facilitating easy water passage.
- Filter Fabric: A filter fabric is frequently positioned on top of the gravel layer in French drain systems. Landscape fabric can be used in its place if a filter fabric is not available. This material allows water to travel through while preventing fine soil particles from clogging the gravel and perforated pipe.
- Backfill: The filter cloth is then covered with earth as the trench is backfilled. To ensure that water flows away from the foundation of your home, the backfill should be sloped either away from it or toward a specified drainage point.
- Surface Drainage: The system may contain a surface drain or collection point, such as a catch basin or a sump pit, in some French drain designs. Surface water is collected and directed into the perforated pipe by this drainage region.
How Do You Prevent Damage By Installing A French Drain Around The Foundation
It is done by pushing the water around the foundation into a safe area, it aids in preventing deterioration. It is critical to keep in mind that water is very heavy as a gallon of water weighs 8.34 lbs. Moreover, it weighs about 62 pounds per cubic foot.
As you might expect, if it rains more than 30 inches a year, the soil beneath your foundation may be affected significantly by the weight of the water. The ground beneath your foundation may move as a result of the expansive soil, which expands when it rains. Because it could damage your foundation and have a bad effect on your house, this condition should be avoided.
Are French Drains Placed Around Pier and Beam Foundations Or Slab Foundations?
Both types of foundations have French drains put all around them. They are made by excavating a trench around your foundation, whole or in part. The trench is subsequently filled with a drainage pipe. When a concrete slab foundation is surrounded by this drain, it lessens the chance of slab foundation cracks.
Remember that water can exert hydrostatic pressure on a slab foundation as it flows beneath the foundation. A homeowner can reduce the likelihood of it happening by using a French drain. A French drain installed around the slab will also aid in preventing heaving because water can also push a slab foundation upward.
French drains are employed when pier and beam foundations are required to prevent water damage in and around crawl spaces. Water that collects can lead to mold growth, wood rot, and a variety of other dangerous situations. House flooring may be affected by moisture that is stored in a crawl space and may sag and creak as a result. Crawl places should never have high humidity levels. To protect your home and avoid damage it is highly important to take such steps.
A Foundation French Drain’s Cost
The price of constructing a foundation French drain depends on several variables. The installation costs are influenced by your location, the size of your home, and the severity of your drainage issue. A basic installation should cost you at least $500 on average in Texas. This covers both labor and supplies, more extensive drain designs can cost more than $9,000 each.
The installation costs are significantly influenced by the size of your property. If your home is huge, you might need a more comprehensive drainage system, which would raise the price.
The cost estimates are also influenced by the slope of your property. The cost may increase if your property has a steep slope because more labor and supplies would be needed.
The price of installing a new drain in your home will also depend on the severity of your drainage problems and any damage to your foundation. Contractors will recommend repairs in addition to the drain installation if they discover during an examination that your foundation has already been harmed as a result of improper drainage, which will raise the cost of the project.
The cost may vary depending on where you live. Costs of labor and supplies can differ from one place to another. French drain installation costs could be higher in areas where there is a great demand for them.
To understand the precise prices of your project, it is essential to get quotes from reliable contractors. Consider the long-term advantages of a properly built French drain, as they can help you avoid costly foundation damage and water-related problems in the future. Do not hesitate to get in touch with our experts at Foundations MD if you require precise quotes for your project. To generate realistic estimates for your project, our specialists take into account several variables.
Why should your foundation have a French drain installed?
One of the deadliest enemies of a home’s foundation, in the opinion of many construction and foundation repair experts, is water and moisture. The effects of drainage problems on structural foundations can be severe and may not manifest for many years. This is why it’s essential to put a French drain around the base of your property, especially if it’s built on soggy land or has poor drainage.
Knowing the warning signs of poor drainage, which might point to problems with your home’s foundation, will also be helpful. Keep an eye out for these signs:
- Odors of dampness or mold near the foundation or in your basement.
- basement walls that are bowing or perhaps cracked.
- infestations of insects in moist environments.
- uneven floors in the basement
- Doors and windows with distortions that don’t open or close properly.
- Water that is standing in different areas of your house.
- A good long-term investment that will ensure your home’s stability is the installation of a French drain around the foundation. It provides a dry and solid foundation while managing water effectively, avoiding potential harm.
Foundation French Drains: Pros and Cons
French drains are a practical way to avoid having too much water collect on your property. It prevents extra water from penetrating your home’s basement and crawl spaces, as well as other low-lying regions. However, French drains have drawbacks just like any other remedy for structural damage to the house. Think about the following advantages and disadvantages:
- For all types of soil, French drains are effective.
- They can also be effectively used to manage soil erosion.
- They often live for around 40 years, which is a fairly lengthy lifespan.
- It may successfully get rid of standing water and stop infiltration.
- Water is effectively kept away from the foundation of your house with this drain arrangement.
- Permits, an underground utility, and a site plan must be submitted to municipal authorities to install a French drain.
- These drains may be susceptible to underground pipe clogging if they are improperly built.
- French drain installation requires a lot of labor, which might raise costs.
- It is advisable to check with your local government as some authorities forbid the construction of French drains.
- Certain drain configurations call for a suitable region where rainwater should drain.
- The above-mentioned benefits and drawbacks should be carefully weighed by homeowners and property managers. French drains efficiently reduce water-related problems near your foundation, protecting your house from potential harm and offering durable solutions requiring little upkeep.
If you are also looking for reliable installation of a french drain for a better home foundation, contact Foundation MD and relax while your work is done. Contact us now.